Wednesday, 27 May 2009

Getting To Grips With The Elusive Electron

The electron is said to behave like a little magnet; the Earth is said to behave like a huge magnet; a bar magnet then could be said to be a model for both the electron, and the planet. So far, and this could all be wrong, but so far I have come to view the bar magnet as two toroids, or rather two doughnuts stacked one on top of the other. The toroids suck in the aether from both ends. Somewhere between these two donuts, at the equator so to speak, something happens.... on Earth it's warm at the equator, right? And hey, we get those funny lights at the north and south poles too! Do the auroras have any relation, perhaps, to EMR, and what we think of as photons?

A cross section of a torus reveals dipolar vortices. I believe these dipolar vortices are the atomic dipolar vortices referred to by Maxwell. If the one on the left turns counter-clockwise, and the one on the right clockwise, we can see that it could draw the fluid of the aether up through its centre, like a tornado. The centre of the torus is made up with a hyperbolic surface, where the aether enters from one side, and is thus expelled from the other. The motion of the aether within the hyperboloid is one of spirals.

A torus is made up of two circles perpendicular (at right angles) to one another. With EMR, the electric field is perpendicular to the magnetic field. The outermost rim of the torus is the longitudinal axis. The spirals of the double cone occupy the longitudinal axis of the torus's interior. The Earth is also thought of as having two lines which are perpendicular to one another - latitude and longitude. On the globe however, lines of constant longitude ("meridians") extend from pole to pole, like the segment boundaries on a peeled orange.

What then of electrons in this model? In 1906, JJ Thomson concluded from an analysis of the scattering of X-rays by gases and of absorption of beta-rays by solids, both of which he assumed were affected by electrons, that the number of electrons in an atom was approximately equal to the atomic number. The bigger the atom is, the slower the electrons oscillation is, and the lower the frequency the radiation emitted. Electrons are supposed to be some 1800 times lighter than the lightest atom hydrogen, however, scientists are a little unsure of its size:

"The electron is as small (or as large) as you want it to be, because the electron exhibits properties that we associate with particles (that have a size) and waves (that do not have a size). This duality is not a matter of "doing a better experiment" it is inherent in the nature of the particles."

"Since the middle of the 1920‘s physicists have been struggling to understand the electron. From experiments it was concluded that the electron is a structure-less point-like object which has its entire mass in this extension-less centre. On the other, hand the electron shows properties which normally result from an extended structure, namely an angular momentum (spin), a magnetic moment, and some kind of an internal oscillation.

To investigate whether the electron is built by several constituents, it was bombarded by other particles (e.g. protons) at a very high energy. The electron was not decomposed, so it was concluded that it does not have further constituents. However, in the view of the Basic Particle Model the constituents of the electron do not have a mass on their own. So, if one of the constituents is accelerated to the speed of light c which is the maximum possible, then the other constituent can follow without any delay. There is not even force acting on that constituent. So an electron can never break up"

"The photoelectric effect (thank Albert Einstein) was telling scientists that photons behaved as if they were discrete particles with an energy proportional to their wavelength. Electrons in atoms acted as if they had discrete energy levels and could move from one to another by absorption or emission of these light particles, or photons."

"Magnets are usually made of metal in some form. Metals are usually made of small crystals. If you could look at these crystals in a magnet from the inside, you would see that each one of these crystals is a small magnet with its own poles. So a magnet is really a bunch of little magnets. The big magnet doesn't act like a magnet until all the little magnets are lined up the same way.

It turns out that all electrons have a little spin all the time. (I don't yet know why. It seems to be a rather fundamental fact of life. Maybe someday physicists will explain it.) In atoms, most spinning electrons have best-buddies which spin the opposite way, cancelling out their little bit of magnetic field. Some atoms have an "un-paired" electron with no buddy; these atoms are strong little magnets."

"Some people might be bothered by this description because they have been told that there are no "magnetic monopoles," i.e. there are no teeny little isolated magnetic field sources. This is true, but it turns out that if you take an electric field source (such as an electron) and run it around in a circle (say as if it were orbiting an atom), it then exhibits a magnetic moment, and looks a lot like a little magnet."

"A Maltese cross made of thin mica is placed between the cathode and the walls of the tube. When the discharge is past, the green phosphorescence no longer extends all over the end of the tube, as it did when the cross was absent. There is now a well-defined cross in the phosphorescence at the end of the tube; the mica cross has thrown a shadow and the shape of the shadow proves that the phosphorescence is due to something travelling from the cathode in straight lines, which is stopped by a thin plate of mica. The green phosphorescence is caused by cathode rays..."

The auroras often display green lights too. Matter emits wavelengths of EMR which the eye interprets as green light. Is matter sucking up electrons and emitting photons? Judging by the auroras at the poles, it is the motion of electrons which produces light...(?)

So far, hints suggest that the aether is incompressible and indivisible. For these reasons I don't believe in the existence of a single particle as such, but rather an unbreakable chain of "particles" flowing as the fluid of the aether. Each "particle" appears to be acutely aware of its position in the Universe. Sometimes I have to stop thinking about it because it makes my brain hurt.


Bharathraj G. N. said...

hmm.. but i think it was Kelvin who was the originator of vortex atom thing.. after getting inspired by Helmholtz's work and collaborating with Faraday.. and for me "angular momentum" is nothing but the "magnetic moment"!.. so all things rotating/revolving have a magnetic moment!

ah and one more thing, have u ever toyed with the idea that very low frequency photons(something like the allpervading Cosmic Microwave Background or even lesser than that) can themselves be acting as what u call "aether"??

munty13 said...

Hi Bharathraj.

Sometimes it's hard to pinpoint exactly where an idea originated from. Every idea seems to have so much history.

Are you then saying that it is the direction of spin which dictates polarity?

And hey, thanks for coming back. It was starting to feel a little lonely in here...

Bharathraj G. N. said...

hey munty,

yes ofcourse, if angular momentum is magnetic moment then polarity is just the direction of spin :-).. so monopoles are out of the question..

n hehe mention not, i figure am one of the few who can make sense out of your posts.. btw are u a professional philosopher?.. as in affiliated with some institute?.. and i forgot where i made my previous comments.